Historical Monuments in India
Talking about Indian Historical monuments, many places need a mention. However, some of the most popular masterpieces which should be definitely visited are listed in this article. These historical buildings captivate the imagination of all tourists compelling them to revisit India again and again.
Though there are many places across the country which you can visit while holidaying in India, nevertheless, the following are the most preferred tourist destinations that you should not miss at any cost.
1) Taj Mahal
The first and the foremost place to visit is the Taj Mahal. Beautifully designed, this masterpiece situated on the banks of river Yamuna houses the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, the wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. He had built this monument as an expression of his love for his wife. Built in the year 1653 AD, the Taj Mahal is made up of white marbles carved with intrinsic designs. It took around 22 years and 20,000 workers to be built and looks the best when seen under moonlit night. So, do not miss this piece of amazing workmanship while in India.
Hampi, presently a village, was once the capital of Vijayanagar Empire, a famous Hindu conglomerate. It has some captivating remains of the ancient civilization, interestingly intermingled with large boulders that rise up all across the region. These remains which date back to around the 14th century, stretches almost for 25 about kilometers. However, there are more than 500 monuments present in this small stretch. Hampi has always been a highly important religious place due to the presence of the Virupaksha Temple. This ancient temple, built in the name of Lord Vishnu has a main hall with 56 pillars that makes musical sound when struck.
3) Khajuraho Temples
These sandstone temples dating back to the 10th and 11th century are the only ones that remain out of 85 temples constructed during that time. Mostly, there are 3 groups of temples; the western temples, the eastern temples and the southern temples. The western group temples are the main ones that feature the wonderful Kandariya Mahadeo Temple. On the other hand, the eastern group contains a number of elegantly sculptured Jain temples. However, there are only two temples in the southern group.
4) Ajanta and ElloraCaves
These historical masterpieces are carved from hillside rocks and contain paintings and sculptures. There are 29 caves at Ajanta which date from 2nd century BC to 6th century AD whereas Ellora has 34 caves dating between 6th to 11th centuries AD. All the caves at Ajanta depict Buddhist culture whereas the caves at Ellora are a mixture of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain culture.
5) Fatehpur Sikri
Though presently, the Fatehpur Sikri has a deserted look, it was once the proud capital of the Mughal Empire during the 16th century. Established by Emperor Akbar, Fatehpur Sikri was formed from the twin villages of Fatehpur and Sikri. The emperor did this to pay a tribute to the famous Sufi saint, Sheikh Salim Chishti when he accurately predicted the birth of his son.
With a history spanning for over 3000 years, India has always been renowned worldwide for its culturally rich heritage. In addition to the lofty mountains and fascinating sand dunes, the age old historical monuments of India have managed to attract a large number of tourists from across the world.